|SLEEP APNEA CAUSES & TYPES SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT|
Treatment for sleep apnea includes :
CPAP treatment can cause side effects and it may include irritation on skin, dry or stuffy nose, sore eyes, bloating of stomach, headaches etc. If having any side effects, consult the physician.
Dental Appliances :
In this treatment a specially designed dental appliance is used to keep the throat open. It is recommended for people with mild sleep apnea and a number of devices are available from the dentist. In this treatment, a custom-fit plastic oral appliance will be adjusted between the patients lower jaw and tongue. It will help to keep the airway in the throat open while sleeping. Air can then flow easily into the lungs because there is less resistance to breathing. Sometimes the treatment may cause damage to the teeth, jaw and gums. Follow up the dentist suggestions, if having any side effects.
In rare cases, surgery may be needed to remove excess tissue from the nose or throat that may be blocking the air passages. The type of surgery depends on the cause of the sleep apnea and some surgical options are :
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)- In this surgical method, the tissue from the rear of the mouth and top of the throat are removed. The tonsils, uvula and adenoids are usually removed and this may help in stopping throat structures from vibrating and causing snoring. UPPP may be less effective because tissue farther down the throat may still block the air passage.
Maxillomandibular advancement - This surgery is performed with the cooperation of an oral surgeon and an orthodontist. In this surgery, the upper and lower part of the jaw is moved forward from the remainder of the face bones. This enlarges the space behind the tongue and soft palate, making obstruction less likely.
Tracheostomy - Tracheostomy is performed in severe, life-threatening sleep apnea when other treatments have failed. The surgeon will make an opening in the windpipe and a metal or plastic tube is inserted through which the patient can breathe. During day, keep the opening covered and at night uncover it to allow air to pass in and out of the lungs.
Some surgery can stop snoring but is not helpful in treating sleep apnea. These may include Laser-Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) and Radio frequency ablation. In LAUP, the tissues in the back of the throat are removed using a laser device. In radio frequency ablation the same procedure is done with radio frequency energy.
Other possible surgeries for sleep apnea includes:
Questions & Answers
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