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Cervical Cancer

TYPES CAUSES SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS STAGES TREATMENT

Treatment

Treatment for cervical cancer depends on tumor size and location, disease stage and the patient's age and overall health. Cervix cancer most often treated with one or a combination of treatments: surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy. Cervical cancer is curable by removing or destroying the pre-cancerous tissue. If the cervix cancer in its early stages, a simple hysterectomy or a radical hysterectomy can be performed. But in the most advanced cases, the pelvic extenteration is used. 

Surgery
Surgery is the primary treatment for cancer of the cervix in its early stages. The type of surgery required depends on the stage and site of the cancer. Some common surgical procedures used as part of treatment for cervical cancer are:

Conization-  A cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed from the cervix and cervical canal for investigation and examination under a microscope. This procedure is carried out if one or more cervical smear tests indicate the presence of precancerous cells.

Hysterectomy- A surgical procedure to remove the cervix and uterus. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through the vagina, the operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a large incision (cut) in the abdomen, the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a small incision in the abdomen using laparascopic technology, the operation is called a total laparoscopic hysterectomy. The common side effects are lower abdominal pain and difficulty with urination after the operation. After a hysterectomy, women no longer menstruate and can no longer have children.

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy- A surgical procedure to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes

Radical hysterectomy- A surgical procedure to remove the uterus, cervix, and part of the vagina. During a radical hysterectomy, the lymph nodes in the pelvic area are usually removed as well. This is called lymph node dissection. (Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped structures that are found throughout the body. In this procedure it is not  necessary to remove the ovaries in a radical hysterectomy, which helps keep the woman's ovaries working.

Pelvic exenteration- A surgical procedure to remove the lower colon, rectum, and bladder. In women, the cervix, vagina, ovaries, and nearby lymph nodes are also removed. Artificial openings (stoma) are made for urine and stool to flow from the body to a collection bag. Plastic surgery may be needed to make an artificial vagina after this operation.

Cryosurgery - This surgery technique uses an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue, such as carcinoma in situ. This type of treatment is also called cryotherapy. The technique is used to treat pre-invasive cancer of the cervix.

Laser surgery-  A surgical procedure that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) as a knife to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a small piece of tissue. 

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)- A treatment that uses electrical current passed through a thin wire loop as a knife to cutting out the abnormal cells.

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Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 16.1.2015  By  :  Mitali , Delhi View Answer (0) Post Answer
 

My husband is suffer from blood cancer.. He had his first stage.. He took very expensive treatment by still he suffers a lot on his disease..... Is dis possible dat he can be became fit???

 
 2.  Posted on : 23.5.2013  By  :  Dharmendra Kumar Singh , Kolkata View Answer (2) Post Answer
 

My nephew age 3+ has blood cancer 1st stage, please sugest me low budget hosital in Kolkata.

 
A1: 

The cheapest Hopital for Cancer treatment is Tata Medical at Rajarhat. It is the best in Eastern Region.

  Posted By :Subho , kolkata | On 11.6.2013
A2: 

There is a lot of cancer research is going on at tata cancer centre. You could try there.

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 23.5.2013
 3.  Posted on : 16.8.2012  By  :  Payalkelkar , Nagpur View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

Suggest best treatment for blood cancer 1st stage, and best hosital in nagpur.

 
A1: 

You should be under the care of an Oncologist and follow his adivice. https://yellowpages.webindia123.com/dpy/Maharashtra/Nagpur/Hospitals/1/

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 4.6.2013
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