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Bladder Cancer

TYPES CAUSES SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS STAGES TREATMENT

Diagnosis

Often, bladder cancer is asymptomatic until there is advanced disease. Therefore, in such cases, screening must be performed to detect the tumor. The most widely used screening tests are medical interview, physical examination, urinalysis, urine cytology, and cystoscopy. These tests are also used to diagnose bladder cancers symptomatic patients as well.

The doctor will review the patient's medical condition, work history, habits and lifestyle so that he can develop and assess the risk for bladder cancer.  A complete physical examination is performed including rectal or vaginal exam. The physician may insert a gloved finger into the vagina, rectum or both to feel for any lumps that might indicate a tumor or another cause of bleeding.

Urinalysis : 
It is a collection of tests for finding abnormalities in the urine such as blood, protein, sugar (glucose), and solids. Any abnormal findings should be investigated with more definitive tests.

Urine cytology (Urine tests)
Abnormal cells or tumors in the bladder wall slough off cells that are suspended in the urine and excreted from the body during urination. In this test, a sample of the urine is examined under a powerful microscope to look for abnormal cells that might suggest cancer. A urine culture may be done to rule out an infection. The presence of certain antibodies and other markers may indicate cancer.

Cystoscopy : 
It is the method of examining bladder and urethra using cystoscope, which is a thin, narrow tube with a light and a camera on the end. Cystoscope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to examine any abnormalities such as tumors. The camera transmits pictures to a video monitor, allowing direct viewing of the inside of the bladder wall. With the cystoscope, sample tissues can be removed and it is examined under a microscope to detect cancer.

If bladder cancer is suspected, further tests are performed. These include : 

Pyelography :  
It is a series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The doctor will inject a special dye into a vein (intravenous pyelography or IVP) or into the urethra (retrograde pyelography) and x-ray film of the urinary tract is taken. The dye highlights the organs of the urinary tract and makes seeing certain abnormalities easier.

CT (Computerized tomography) Scan : 
Similar to an x-ray film, CT gives a 3-dimensional view of the bladder, urinary tract (especially the kidneys), and pelvis to look for masses and other abnormalities. In most cases, before the test, a contrast dye is injected into a vein to highlights the organs. The greatest risk with this procedure is a possible allergic reaction to the dye.

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Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 16.1.2015  By  :  Mitali , Delhi View Answer (0) Post Answer
 

My husband is suffer from blood cancer.. He had his first stage.. He took very expensive treatment by still he suffers a lot on his disease..... Is dis possible dat he can be became fit???

 
 2.  Posted on : 23.5.2013  By  :  Dharmendra Kumar Singh , Kolkata View Answer (2) Post Answer
 

My nephew age 3+ has blood cancer 1st stage, please sugest me low budget hosital in Kolkata.

 
A1: 

The cheapest Hopital for Cancer treatment is Tata Medical at Rajarhat. It is the best in Eastern Region.

  Posted By :Subho , kolkata | On 11.6.2013
A2: 

There is a lot of cancer research is going on at tata cancer centre. You could try there.

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 23.5.2013
 3.  Posted on : 16.8.2012  By  :  Payalkelkar , Nagpur View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

Suggest best treatment for blood cancer 1st stage, and best hosital in nagpur.

 
A1: 

You should be under the care of an Oncologist and follow his adivice. https://yellowpages.webindia123.com/dpy/Maharashtra/Nagpur/Hospitals/1/

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 4.6.2013
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