|TYPES CAUSES SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS STAGES TREATMENT|
Often, bladder cancer is asymptomatic until there is advanced disease. Therefore, in such cases, screening must be performed to detect the tumor. The most widely used screening tests are medical interview, physical examination, urinalysis, urine cytology, and cystoscopy. These tests are also used to diagnose bladder cancers symptomatic patients as well.
It is a collection of tests for finding abnormalities in the urine such as blood, protein, sugar (glucose), and solids. Any abnormal findings should be investigated with more definitive tests.
(Urine tests) :
Abnormal cells or tumors in the bladder wall slough off cells that are suspended in the urine and excreted from the body during urination. In this test, a sample of the urine is examined under a powerful microscope to look for abnormal cells that might suggest cancer. A urine culture may be done to rule out an infection. The presence of certain antibodies and other markers may indicate cancer.
It is the method of examining bladder and urethra using cystoscope, which is a thin, narrow tube with a light and a camera on the end. Cystoscope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to examine any abnormalities such as tumors. The camera transmits pictures to a video monitor, allowing direct viewing of the inside of the bladder wall. With the cystoscope, sample tissues can be removed and it is examined under a microscope to detect cancer.
If bladder cancer is suspected, further tests are performed. These include :
It is a series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The doctor will inject a special dye into a vein (intravenous pyelography or IVP) or into the urethra (retrograde pyelography) and x-ray film of the urinary tract is taken. The dye highlights the organs of the urinary tract and makes seeing certain abnormalities easier.
CT (Computerized tomography)
Similar to an x-ray film, CT gives a 3-dimensional view of the bladder, urinary tract (especially the kidneys), and pelvis to look for masses and other abnormalities. In most cases, before the test, a contrast dye is injected into a vein to highlights the organs. The greatest risk with this procedure is a possible allergic reaction to the dye.
Questions & Answers
Note : All statements given are only for information purpose. We are not responsible or liable for any problems related to the utilization of information on this site. We suggest that you consult a qualified doctor before trying any alternative health care remedies.