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20 medical problems in young adults

  By : , Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India       22.11.2018         Mail Now
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Youth is often considered to be a picture-perfect phase for health. Unfortunately, that is not true according to statistics. Lifestyle choices, stress, food habits and general quality of the air we breathe is not ideal leading to an increase in ailments even among young adults.

20 Common Ailments among Young Adults

It is common knowledge that chronic conditions begin to develop as you age, but it also doesnít mean that the youth age exempt from them. Medical research shows that age-related diseases are showing up even among younger age groups and proving more fatal.

There are some common problems which can be managed easily donít require much attention. These medical conditions include seasonal allergies and inflammatory issues which can be easily treated with Avil and need not make a doctor appointment.

These are the serious health concerns even people aged 20-something must be aware of

1. Colorectal Cancer

According to the research of the American National Cancer Institute, people born in 1990ís have a greater chance of developing colon and rectal cancer than those born in the 1950ís. The main reason for this is the lifestyle and environment changes over time. Genetic factors too have little role to play in colorectal cancer. Bad lifestyle choices like smoking, excess alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, and a following a diet high in red, processed meat. Although screening for colorectal cancer only begins date 50, ask your doctor to perform an earlier screening or avail of free doctor consultation if:

- Any of your close family members had the condition.
- You experience changes in bowel habits.
- You see blood in stools.
- You experience abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea.

2. Heart Disease

If you are in your 20ís, 30ís or 40ís, you have a 20% chance of developing a heart condition or heart attack. Around 15% of strokes caused due to blocked arteries hit before 45 years of age. This is again due to the erratic lifestyle choices. The American psychological association found that millennials that is people born between 1980 and 2000 suffer from far more stress than any other generation. Moreover, diabetes or pre-diabetes also increases the chances of developing cardiovascular diseases among young adults.

The only way to maintain a healthy heart is to keep the blood pressure and cholesterol under allowable levels by working with your doctor.

Autoimmune Diseases

More and more young adults, even celebrities of the west are becoming victims of the auto-immune disease. Autoimmune disease is one where the bodyís immune system attacks and destroys even healthy body tissues. The most commonly occurring autoimmune diseases occurring among young adults are

3. Type 1 Diabetes

This condition usually manifests in early childhood where the patient becomes unable to metabolize glucose, relying on insulin injections for the rest of their life. Continuous blood tests and monitoring is required to avoid complications. Unfortunately, this disease has increased over 20% in the last ten years among young adults.

4. Lupus

It is an alarming fact that more than 5 million people between 15-44 years of age around the world are diagnosed with Lupus where women constitute 90%. Lupus manifests itself in different ways with symptoms such as joint pain, kidney sensitivity, and sensitivity to sunlight. Because of the commonality of the symptoms and the unpredictability of the disease, many suffer for years until a diagnosis is reached. A rheumatologist will guide you on the treatment of Lupus.

5. Crohnís Disease

Crohnís disease is an inflammatory bowel disorder that affects the entire digestive tract. This is a chronic disease that is very painful. This disease exhibits various symptoms like diarrhea, bloating, and gut pain. These may suddenly go into remission or flare up.

6. Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological condition that affects the central nervous system. It is the most common neurological dysfunction in younger adults. Mist common symptoms of MS are fatigue, numbness, tremors, vision loss, and depression. Treatments are offered by a neurologist to control the symptoms.

7. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition where red, scaly skin develops instead of normal skin replacement. Although psoriasis can occur at any age, it is known to peak between teens to 30ís or 50ís to 60ís.

8. Graveís Disease in Thyroid

Gravesí disease of the thyroid causes the thyroid glands to produce excess thyroid hormone affecting bodyís natural metabolism. Younger patients experience symptoms like fatigue, muscle weakness, insomnia, nervousness, and an irregular heartbeat.

9. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an inflammation that affects organs and joints. It is more common among women of younger age, and they start showing symptoms between 30 and 60.

Causes of autoimmune diseases

There are various theories on the causes of autoimmune disorders, but the following are some of the factors:

- Genetic disposition

- Autoimmune diseases can run genetically in the family or shared genes.

- Environmental factors

- Infection from virus, bacteria, food, and stress constitute the environmental factors for autoimmune disease.

The symptoms of autoimmune diseases are:

- Sudden weight loss, thirst or hunger for diabetes.
- Repeated abdominal pain and diarrhea is signaling IBD or Crohnís disease.
- Fatigue or skin rashes are indicating lupus.
- Vision problems or weakness suggesting MS.

10. Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure

If you are a young adult, hypertension may not be on your list of things to worry about, but according to statistics, one in every five adults suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure. Hypertension, in turn, triggers heart attacks and strokes. Heart attack and strokes are the number one cause of sudden death.

Things you can do to minimize hypertension are maintaining a healthy lifestyle through diet and exercise, getting good sleep and minimizing stress.

Since hypertension under 40 is the precursor for future health problems, it is advisable to get it checked at least once a year.

11. Hearing Loss

The main reason for hearing loss at an early age is the incorrect usage of iPods and earphones, headphones, etc. Using earphones/buds with high volume music causes hearing loss to kids even at the age of 6 to 19. These earbuds transmit sound directly into the ear canal causing damage. To avoid the hearing loss at a young age, switch to headphones, keep the volume lower than 85 decibels and do not fall asleep with earbuds.

12. Inflammatory Diseases

Inflammatory diseases occur when the body immune system attacks its healthy tissues in response to an illness or an infection. Symptoms of inflammatory diseases are swelling, redness and itching in the affected area, stiffness and so on. These diseases are diagnosed via x-rays and blood tests. Treatment for inflammatory disease includes medication, rest, and exercise.

13. Obesity

Obesity is an excessive eating disorder usually associated with teenage and adolescence. Although overweight children usually donít have any health related problems, they will continue the tendency of being overweight in adult life resulting in many health problems.

14. Skin Disorders

Skin problems that can occur in early ages are acne, fungal infections, growth, injuries, and even skin cancer. To maintain healthy skin, it is important to follow a balanced diet with lots of water and use sunscreen while exposing the skin to sunlight for long periods.

15. Allergies

An allergy is a negative response by the body to a foreign substance. The immune system thinks that the substance is harmful to you and starts responding via irritating symptoms. Common allergy symptoms are rashes, hives, red eyes, difficulty in breathing and common allergens are dust, pollen, dust mites, and weather.

Blood tests and treatments diagnose the reason for allergies through medication or injections are advised.

16. Sleep Disorders

Due to the current lifestyle involving travel and stress, many young adults are unable to get enough sleep time. The most common sleep disorders are sleep apnea, snoring, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome.

The various treatments for the above conditions include weight loss, CPAP mask, nasal strips, and general lifestyle changes.

17. Other Chronic Medical Conditions

A chronic disease is one that does not go away and keeps coming back. Some are mild, and some are pretty serious. These conditions can affect people of any age. Chronic conditions other than allergies, lupus, and diabetes are:

18. Asthma

Asthma is a condition where the airways narrow, swell and make breathing difficult. This can trigger a cough, wheezing and breathing difficulty. The symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, wheezing, tightness of chest and coughing.

For some people, asthma can be induced by various conditions like weather, occupational irritants, allergens like pollen, dust and so on.

There are clinics with less or free doctor consultation where you can take allergy tests if you think you have any of the symptoms.

19. Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is more common in children. If your physician suspects symptoms of cerebral palsy, he will run a few tests to confirm the diagnosis. There are several scans to detect the condition like MRI, ultrasound, and ECG.

Once the diagnosis is made, treatment options are laid out based on specific issues like vision impairment, speech problems, movement and development delays.

20. Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brainís ability to function in a normal pattern. Seizures are the main side effects of this condition. ECG along with a series of tests are undertaken to diagnose epilepsy. Based on the results, medications and sometimes surgery are advised as treatment.

Once the symptoms improve, medications can be discontinued.

No age is exempt from the diseases mentioned above. The only way to reduce their impact or alleviate the symptoms is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle by exercising, eating right and getting enough rest. Also, regular medical check-ups and free doctor consultation must be availed of.

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