Manipur represents population
of two ethnic groups, the people who inhabit the hills called the Nagas
and those who inhabit the valley called the Meiteis. The hills are also
inhabited by the group called the Kukis. Imphal is the political capital
of Manipur. The earliest recorded history dates to 900AD. In the course
of its history there have been several invasions from Myanmar (Burma)
which borders with Manipur and numerous clashes with the Nagas.
In 1826, Manipur was brought into India by the treaty of Yandavo by Raja
Jai Singh with the British at the end of the Indo-Burmese war. This followed
a dispute in accession to the throne. With the intervention of the British
the dispute was settled. In 1891 Churachand was nominated the Raja and
it came under British rule as a princely state. During World War II Imphal
was occupied by the Japanese. After Indian independence Manipur became
a Union Territory and subsequently achieved statehood in January 21,1972.