Saturday, August 20, 2022


Places of Historic Importance

The present state of Haryana is identical with the ancient Brahamvarta,  the regions where the great Vedic civilization found fruition. The state is full of ancient sites. In every district of the state there are a number of places associated with important  historical events. 


Rohtak is identified with 'Rohitaka' mentioned in the Epic Mahabharatha. It may have been the capital of Bahudhanyaks (land of plenty) under the Yaudheyas. Yaudheya territory extended over tracts in Uttar Pradesh  and Rajasthan. Rohtak is strategically situated on the route from the north - west through Delhi gateway to the broad fertile Gangetic plains. The archaeologists found traces of the Indus valley civilization here. Rohtak is now one of the largest towns in Haryana and is inhabited by lot of refugees who came after the partition in 1947.

Bahadurgarh (Jhajjar)

Bahadurgarh was founded by Rathi Jats and formerly known as Sharafabad. It is situated twenty-nine Kilometres from Delhi and had developed into an important industrial centre.

Asthal Bohar 

This place is famous for its math (monastery). The monks or jogis of this math claim to be the spiritual descendants of Buddha's earliest Bhikshus. They represent the Nath cult which originated as one of the Mahayana forms of Buddhism. Ancient finds of large and sculptured bricks, stone images and idols  have been found here. The math runs a number of educational and charitable institutions.


Gohana in olden times was called Gavambhavana  and was a place of pilgrimage. The place is said  to be site of a fort built by Prithviraj Chauhan. This fort was destroyed by Ghori when he defeated Prithviraj in 1192A.D. Gohana was till recently a tehsil of Rohtak. Now it has been made a part of the new district of Sonepat.


It is a small town, situated about 15 km from Jhajjar. An Irish adventurer, George Thomas founded it and built a fort here called Georgegarh which was later changed to Jahazgarh. An annual cattle fair is held here and it attract buyers and sellers from Haryana and out side.


The town is said to have been founded by one Chhaju and Chhajunagar was changed to Jhajjar. It is also derived from Jharnaghar, a natural  fountain. A third derivation is from Jhajjar a water vessel, because the surface drainage of the country for miles around runs into the town as into a sink. Jhajjar is now an important tehsil of Rohtak district.


In the Mahabharatha, Sonepat is referred as one of the five pats or prasthas which were demanded by Yudhishtar from Duryodhana. Archeologists have found evidence to indicate it to be a town of great antiquity. There are also a number of legends connected with this place.

For many years, Sonepat was a flourishing sub division of Rohtak. Now it is a separate district.  It is one of the largest industrial  towns in Haryana.


It is said that Guru Dronacharya of the Pandavas and the Kauravas gave spiritual instructions at this place. The name of this place is Guru Gaon or village of the spiritual teacher. The village of Gurgaon Masani situated about one and half kilometers away Gurgaon is the site of  the famous temple Sitla, the goddess of small-pox. It is held in great esteem throughout this part of the country. It is visited by a large number of pilgrims. Gurgaon has developed into a large and flourishing town because of its vicinity to Delhi.