About 90 per cent of the population of Uttaranchal depends on
agriculture. The net cultivated area in the State is 12,61,915 hectares
Industry and Minerals
The State is rich in mineral depositys like limestone, rock phosphate,
dolomite, magnesite, copper greyphyte, soap stone, gypsum, etc. The number
of small scale industries is 41, 216 with an investment of Rs. 305.58
crore providing employment to 1,53, 229 persons. One hundred and ninenty
one heavy industries with an investment of Rs.2,694.66 crore employ 50,802
persons. Most of the industries are forest-based.
Irrigation and Energy
Agricultural land uner irrigation is 5,19,806 hectares (year 1994-95)
which is 56 per cent of the total agricultural land. The State has
excellent potential for hydropower generation. There are a number of
hydro-electric projects on the rivers Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Ganga, Ramganga
and Sharda, generating electricity. Out of 15,669 villages, 12,315
villages have been electrified.