Sunday, June 13, 2021



A language in conjunction with culture, religion and history is an important component of nationality formation. Languages plays a very important role in different transitional phases. About 420 languages and dialects of different languages families are used in a complex and wide ranging ethno and socio-linguistic configuration in north-east India.

The dialect of the Tripuris is known as Kak-Barak, the literal meaning of which is the language of men (kak means words and barak means men). The dialect belongs to the Tibeto-Burman group of languages and its root can be traced to Sino-Tibetan speech family. The Kal-Barak dialect has no script of its own and is written in Bengali script.

Bengali is the most important and dominant languages of the state. The erstwhile rulers of the state accepted Bengali as the state languages and as a language of administration. About 80% of the people use Bengali in their day-to-day activities. Tripuri, the language of the community, is also written in Bengali script. Almost all Tripuris can speak and understand Bengali. A large number of Tripuras (Tripuris) who know Bengali much better than Tripuri have recorded the former languages as their mother tongue. As a language next to Bengali comes Tripuri which is mostly prevalent in Sadar, Khowai, Amarpur and Kailashahar sub division, besides some areas adjoining the Chittagong Hill Tracts. 

Halam is the mother tongue of Halam tribe and Rankhal, is their dialect which is considered to be an offshoot of the Halam dialect. Most of the Halam can follow Tripuri language.

The influence of Bengali over the Chakma language is quite predominant. The Mogh community whose number is not large, speak the language of Burma, and is found mostly in Sabrum and Belonia sub-divisions.