The second largest city in Gujarat and the ninth largest city in India, Surat is known for its textile and diamond business. This administrative headquarters of Surat district is located on the banks of Tapti river. The city narrates the history of thousands of years, from the period of Mahabharatha to the period even after the independence of the country. It was one of western India's major ports and trading towns in the 17th and 18th centuries and the first European settlement in India. Surat is renowned for its silk weaves like the Tanchoi and Gajee sarees and Kinkhab brocades sometimes woven with gold and silver threads. The first warehouses was established in Surat by the East India Company in the year 1612. It is famous for its jewellery market and diamond cutting as well as ivory and wood inlay work. 92% of world's diamonds are cut and polished from this city. Surat is also known for its culture and cuisines.
|Area||: 112.27 Sq.Kms.|
|Population||: 2,433,787 (2001 cen.)|
|Season||: October to March|
|STD Code||: 0261|
|Rain Fall||:931.9 mm|
|Temperature||: Summer - Min-12oC; Max-31oC
Winter - Min-24oC; Max-42oC