Monday, October 25, 2021
Cities & Towns

read read read read read Modhera


Modhera is located 102 kms northwest of Ahmedabad. It is famous for the Sun Temple, the best example of Solanki temple architecture and a magnificent monument. Modhera is also called Mundera and is situated on the banks of the River Pushpavati about 25km from Mehsana. The Sun Temple dedicated to the Sun God was built in 1026 AD by King Bhimdev I of the Solanki Rajput clan. The highlight of the temple lies in the design of the sanctum sanctorum. It is so designed that sunlight falls on the bejewelled statue of God specially at sunrise during equinox. The architecture of the temple as well as the intricate designs are beautiful. The carved torana arches of the temple are mounted on the 'kirti stambhas' or pillars of victory. There is a beautiful domed central portion. The exterior of the temple is carved with depiction of Gods. Within the main grounds there is the Surya Kund-an extraordinary baoli containing over 100 shrines. Shrines dedicated to Ganesh, Vishnu and an incarnation of Shiva surround the tank on three sides while the main temple completes the rectangle. There are 52 intricately carved pillars depicting scenes from the Epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. Between the pillared portico or Sabha Mandap and the sanctum sanctorum is a hall with pillars and arches. The walls have 12 niches showing different aspects of Sun God in each month and the outer walls are also filled with sculptures of Sun God as also other deities. The temple at Modhera has been so designed that it looks as if the temple has been built on the petals of a lotus which runs the whole length of the temple. The image of the Sabhamandap gets reflected in the massive tank. The pillars of this portico are geometrically arranged so that the centre of the hall gets an octagonal shape. This hall is used for ritualistic dance performances. The pillars are covered with sculptural designs. The four entrances of the temple have ornamental toranas ('toran' means decorative hangings). The centre of the hall has a walnut shaped ceiling, 23 feet in height, with numerous folds of floral girdles which are upheld by two aisles of pillars arranged on diagonals of the square plan. The entire structural complex is aligned to the east to face the rising sun. Rama Kunda is the water tank for ritualistic ablution before offering worship. It has a regular well-patterned lateral formation of stone steps which descend up to the bottom of the tank.

Modhera is a two-and-a-half hour journey from Ahmedabad and is connected to Ahmedabad and other cities with transport buses and private luxury coaches. The temple is open everyday from 8am to 6pm.

  Nearby Attractions
›› Patan
›› Bhadra Fort
›› Teen Darwaza
›› Science City
›› Sabarmati Ashram
›› Shahi Baag
 Picture Gallery
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