More than 80 per cent population depends on agriculture. The area under
cultivation is 43 per cent. Main crops are paddy, wheat, maize, groundnut,
pulses and oilseeds. Forests occupy 45 per cent of the area
Apart from Bhilai Steel Plant with 40 lakh tonnes capacity, eight
sponge iron plants in the private sector, 13 ferro-alloy plants, 125 steel
rolling mills and one H.R. strip plant have also been establishes.
Chhattisgarh has nine major cement plants. Besides, iron casting units,
engineering and fabrication units, agro-based food processing, chemical
and plastic industries have been established.
Chhattisgarh is rich in mineral resources. Twenty per cent of the
country's steel and cement is produced in the State. Iron-ore, limestone,
dolomite, coal, bauxite are found in abundance. It is the only tin-ore
producing state in the country. Other minerals such as korandum, garnet,
quartz, marble, diamond are also found in Chhattisgarh. Compared to
1998-1999, the production of coal, iron ore and limestone registered an
increase of 29,49 lakh tonnes, 13.40 lakh tonnes and 30.13 lakh tonnes
respectively in 1999-2000. The revenue receipt from minerals in 2001-02 is
likely to increase to Rs. 455 crore from Rs. 394.50 crore during the
Irrigation and Power
The irrigation potential of 13.39 lakh hectares was created during
1999-2000. An additional irrigation potential of 0.18 lakh hectares was
created during 2000-01. Ravishankar Sagar Mahanadi Project, Hasdeo-Bango,
Kodar, Jonk, Pairi and Arpa are some of the important irrigation projects.
The total capacity of state Electricity Board is 1.360 MW out of this
the thermal power share is 1.240 MW. Korba based National thermal Power
Corporation's capacity is 2,000 MW and a new unit of the plant is being
stage of commissioning. Around 90%pf 19,720 inhabited villages of
Chhattisgarh have been electrified.