Wednesday, June 29, 2022
Madhya Pradesh


Folk Music

The folk musical material of the state may be classified into three groups.

The first being the tribal music, which is undoubtedly very rich in content. The second group is of the countryside music. It includes legendry narratives, ceremonial songs, work songs and the songs linked with rituals, love longings and occupations. Its music survives in cross-cultural traits of social relationships. Its structural shades vary from caste to caste and from region to region. The third group of songs has a close affinity with the Bhakti cult of the medieval period. The vast concourse of these songs draws themes from mythology and ranges from the traditional Harikatha to the simple rendering of old Bhajans, art songs, lyrics of poets Chandra Sakhi and Sukhai and the devotional songs attributed to Ramdev, etc. Thousands of songs and Vaishnav padas are sung into varied complexion under religious and devotional fervour. Some of the complexions even admit embellishment and to a small degree tanas and alap in their stylized crudeness.

The folk musical map of Madhya Pradesh has certain predominant features. The people seldom confine themselves to their own songs except when singing ritualistic songs and the one's related to wedding ceremonies. The peasant class has no taboo to sing popular songs of other racial groups. Singing up participation is instinctive and unavoidable.

The folk music of Madhya Pradesh comes from the tribal areas. Bastar which is the land of the famous Muria and Sing Maria tribes is known for its haunting melodies. The Relo is a remarkable type of the Muria song. Every young man must respond to its call. It is an everlasting favourite song of the Muria boys and girls. They may sing the Relo on any occasion.

The music of the Hill Marias and the Bhils is full of short scales. Gooning is not rare in the music of the Abujhmar tribe. The Murias of north Bastar generally sing with a high-pitched voice using five to six notes. The music and dance are interdependent among these tribes. The Murias, the Sing Marias, the Bhils and the Korkus do not share the common traits of their traditional music with the exception that the Gonds seem to have certain common layers overlapping with the Murias. They have melodies of short ambit with occasional move to the octave.