: Urdu , Kashmiri, Dogri, Paharim, Balti, Ladakhi, Punjabi , Gujari and Dadri
: 12,548,926 (2011census)
: 68.74 % (2011
: Black necked Crane
Jammu and Kashmir is the sixth largest state in India including the area occupied by Pakistan and China. Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost state of the Indian union consists of three divisions -Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. It has two capitals- Jammu, the winter capital and Srinagar, the summer capital. The state is almost mountainous with stretches of valleys and some mountain lakes. Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south and internationally with the People's Republic of China to the north and east and the Pakistan-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit - Baltistan, to the west and northwest respectively.