Wednesday, August 15, 2018
Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Economy

Agriculture Animal Husbandry   ❯   Industry   ❯   Irrigation and Power   ❯   Forest

Agriculture

 
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, a predominantly rural area having about 79 percent population of tribals has about 23, 627 hectares under cultivation. Agriculture is the principal occupation of Adivasis who represent 79 percent of the total population as per 1991 census. The main crops are paddy, ragi, small millets and pulses. The agriculture production is dependent on rainfall and mostly on a single crop system. In addition to the main crops, crops like Jowar, wheat, tuvr, oilseeds and sugarcane are also grown. The types of vegetables grown are brinjal, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower etc. Forest cover 40 percent of the total geographical area. The tribal population depends primarily on forests has been given exclusive rights for collection of minor forest produce free of cost. 

Animal Husbandry
The livestock population constitutes cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats and other animals. There is a well equipped veterinary Hospital at Silvassa and two veterinary centres at Dapada and Khanvel. To meet the requirements of poultry birds and to demonstrate the improved methods of poultry keeping, government is running a poultry breeding-cum-demonstration farm.

Industry
At present there are in all four industrial estates in the territory. The co-operative industrial estate is at Silvassa and the government estates are one each at Masat, Khadoli and Silvassa.

The products manufactured include spectacle frames and flooring tiles, art silk fabrics, chemicals, detergent powder, electrical fixtures, watches etc. Main items exported include forest products, rubber foam etc. Items imported include petroleum, cloth and sugar.

Irrigation and Power
Prior to liberation of the territory, there was no irrigation facility. Later on adequate steps were taken and 118 lift irrigation schemes were completed at various places in the territory. A multiple irrigation project Damanganga is also in its final states. Power is made available from the Central sector power generating stations located in the Western region and the entire territory is electrified. 

Forest
Forestry is an important economic resource of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It consists of teak, sadra, khair, mahara, sisam etc. which constitute the main wealth of the territory. The area under forests is 20852 hectares that is 43 percentage of the total geographical area. The area of the forest is spread over 58 villages. The teak and khair are the most predominant species available in this territory. A forest based industry producing 'Katha' out of Khair wood has also been set up.

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