A reformatory current known as the Singh Sabha movement, which arose towards the end of the last century attempted to recover the essence and purity of Sikh teaching submerged in the splendour of power. The main motivation of Singh Sabha was the search for Sikh identity. Under this Singh Sabha impulse new powers of regeneration came into effect and Sikhism was reclaimed from a state of utter ossification and inertia. The principal concepts and concerns of Sikhism today are those given or restored to it by the Singh Sabha.
Freshly affranchised by the Singh Sabha enlightenment, the Sikhs entered the mainstream of Indian life of their identification with revolutionary national movements. The partition of Punjab in 1947, which divided the Sikh population into two equal halves, was a severe blow to them. But, they were able to rehabilitate soon and secure their due place in the national life. It is their native qualities of tenacity and enterprise that enabled them to regain their due place.
Modern Sikhism is the result of the Singh Sabha restoration. It retains its creedal unity and its adherence to its metaphysics and symbolism.