Tansen, the legendary musician was born in Gwalior in 1506. It was only after the age of 5 that Tansen showed any musical talent. It was his Guru Hari Dasa who recognised his hidden talents as a musician.
Tansen was one among the nine gems in the court of Emperor Akbar. He was also a poet, who composed many couplets. When Tansen was in the court of Akbar, he started to compose new ragas or melodies based on classical Indian music. He is believed to be the father of Hindustani Music. His 'Sangeeta Sara' and 'Rajmala' are important documents on music. He popularised the 'Drupad' style of music.
He was such a great artist that he became a legend in his own times. His talent was recognised early and it was the ruler of Gwalior who conferred upon the maestro the honorific title 'Tansen'.
He died in 1589, and was buried according to his wishes near the grave of his mentor, Ghaus.
A national music festival known as 'Tansen Sangeet Sammelan' is held every year in December, near the tomb of Tansen at Behat as a mark of respect to his memory.