Dementia describes a failure of brain functioning. It's a
broad term for a range of symptoms, most notably memory loss, that result from
brain damage. Dementia may be caused by a number of illnesses that affect the
brain. Dementia typically leads to memory loss, inability to do everyday things,
difficulty in communication, confusion, frustration, as well as personality and
behaviour changes. People with dementia may also develop behavioural and
psychological symptoms such as depression, aggression and wandering.
Types of Dementia
There are many different types of dementia and include the following.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of
Dementia. Alzheimer's disease changes the brain's structure, which leads to
the death of nerve cells. This disrupts the brain's usual activity. People
with Alzheimer's disease also have a shortage of chemicals involved with the
transmission of messages within the brain.
Vascular dementia is another common form of
dementia and is triggered by blockages to the blood vessels (vascular
system) in the brain. Not enough blood and oxygen reach the nerve cells so
they die. Areas of brain tissue that have died in this way are called
infarcts, so vascular dementia is also called multi-infarct dementia. It may
be easier to think of vascular dementia as a series of strokes that result
from other health problems such as high blood pressure.
Mixed dementia is when you have more than one type
of dementia at the same time. A common combination is Alzheimer's disease
and vascular dementia.
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a type of
dementia caused by Lewy bodies, which are made from an abnormal build-up of
a particular protein in the brain.
Dementia can also occur in the final stages of other
conditions, such as Parkinson's disease, AIDS and Creutzfeld-Jakob disease.
Symptoms of Dementia
If you have dementia, you may have some or all of the
You may have memory loss, particularly of recent events.
This may not be severe at first but is likely to become progressively worse.
You may have problems finding the right words for what
you want to say.
You may feel increasingly disorientated, such as not
recognising familiar streets and becoming confused about the time of day.
This could cause you to get up in the middle of the night wanting to go out.
You may have poor judgment, for example dressing
inappropriately for the weather or being unaware of dangerous situations.
You may become withdrawn, prone to fits of temper, or
feel anxious and depressed.
You may have trouble thinking clearly and doing practical
tasks that you used to do easily.
Dementia affects everyone differently. Your symptoms may stay
the same for some time or if you have vascular dementia, they may occur as a
series of episodes with a succession of 'stepwise' deteriorations and
occasionally some improvement after a period of getting worse.
People who have dementia can often have good quality of life for a number of
years. However, the symptoms generally get progressively more severe with time.
As your dementia worsens, you may find it increasingly difficult to look after
yourself. It's important to get support from social services, your GP, family
Causes of Dementia
The underlying causes of the various illnesses that result in Dementia aren't
well understood at present. However, they all result in structural and chemical
changes in the brain leading to the death of brain tissue. Most types of
dementia are nonreversible (degenerative). Nonreversible means the changes in
the brain that are causing the dementia cannot be stopped or turned back.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia. Lewy body disease is a
leading cause of dementia in elderly adults. People with this condition have
abnormal protein structures in certain areas of the brain.
There are certain conditions that may make you more likely to
get dementia. These include the following.
You're more likely to develop late-onset dementia as you
You're more likely to develop vascular dementia if you
have high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms or have had a stroke.
Your risk of dementia may be affected if someone else in
your family has it. However, more research is needed to better understand
People with learning disabilities are at particular risk.
Magaz Baadaam 5 in number, Magaz Narzeel 5 gm Magaz Tukhm
Kaddu Sheerein 3 gm, magaz Tarbooz 3 gm, Magaz Tukhm Kharpazah 3 gm. Grind
and mix 20 ml Roghan Zard.
Give with cow milk 250 ml in morning.
Itrifal Ustookhudoos 10 gm at bed time.
Habbe Amber momyai 1 hab in evening.
Other formulations like Jawarish Jalinoos, Jalinoos lolvi,
Dawaul musk mutadil also beneficial.
- Massage on scalp region from Roghan Badam Sheerein or Roghan Mastagi.
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Dr.Izharul Hasan Bangalore, India