Named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, Aurangabad is one of the oldest cities of India located in the northern part of Maharashtra on the banks of river Godavari and Tapti. Aurangabad was founded in 1610 A.D. by Malik Ambar and at that time it was known as 'Kharki'. After his demise in 1626, it was renamed as Fatehnagar by his son, Fateh Khan. Later the Nizam Shahi dominions came under the control of the Mughals and when Emperor Aurangzeb was appointed the viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it as Aurangabad. Being a tourist hub, the city has many historical monuments of great importance and is a convenient base for visit to the famous rock-cut temples of Ajanta and Ellora. Aurangazeb's mausoleum for his wife, 'Bibi-ka-Maqbara' resembling the Taj Mahal is one among the major attraction of the city. Famous for its Bidri work and Himroo products, the city has a university, medical and engineering colleges, an airport to complement its industrial and commercial activities, and is one of India's fastest growing cities.
|Area||: 10100 Sq.Kms.|
|Population||: 1,167,649 (2009)|
|Season||: Throughout the Year, but best from July to March|
|STD Code||: 0240|
|Rain Fall||: 725 mm|
|Temperature||: Summer - 22-45°C
Winter - 12-30°C