The 74 km long Murad River also known as kuttiadypuzha comprise a total
area of 583 sq.kms along with its tributaries. Onipuzha, Thottilpalam
puzha, Vamathil puzha and the Mandapalli puzha are the main tributaries
of the river. Murad river originates from the Narikkotta ranges on the
Western slops of Wayanad hills, a part of Western Ghat and flows through
Vadakara, Koyilandi and Kozhikode taluks. It merges into the Arabian Sea
at the historical Kottakal Fort which is about 7 km south of Vadakara.