5. The question of Citizenship:
Applying for permanent residence visa is the right solution to get rid of your work permit worries
In the days preceding, the onset of age of information,
living in a foreign country was considered to be a luxury, an accomplishment of
a milestone in life. It has been a consistent trend, to want to live and work in
another country. In poetic terms, it is the proverbial fledgling taking the leap
of faith, out of the nest. The amount of people flocking to foreign countries is
due to the availability of better work opportunities and a higher standard of
living. This is especially true for migration from developing countries to
developed countries in North America, Europe and Australia.
Nowadays, students after their graduation and post graduation go abroad for a
job just to live a comfortable and hassle free life and to earn a decent
remuneration. While shifting, they are not much aware about which visa can
beneficial for the long run for their immigration to a new country for a dream
The dynamics of visa sanctions have changed, from its predeceasing practices.
There are various avenues in the visa categories that one can pick and select
from, basis their situation and convenience. Visas differ on the grounds of age,
purpose, investment (if any), educational and work status etc. Some countries
offer categories in a visa type; this is true in competitively advanced
countries like the United States.
Presently, a person either moves to another country on a work permit or applies
for the permanent residential visa, in majority of the cases. This is a
prevalent practice due to the inexpensive process of obtaining a work permit, as
compared to a Permanent Residency Visa, in countries like the United States,
Canada and Australia.
A Work Permit
is a legal document, signed on behalf of
personnel by a work sponsor that allows a foreigner to obtain a job in a country
and work there legally.
A Permanent Residency Visa
is the status of permanent
residence, and thereby related benefits, given to a person and his accompanying
dependent family, hailing from a foreign country by the immigration department
of the country sanctioning the visa.
The temporary work permit has different names in various countries offering work
on speciality occupation basis, which is same for permanent resident status too.
However, the baseline on which the conditions and clauses of the visa are
established, largely remain the same.
In the United States, the temporary work visa is given the code H-1B, whereas
in Canada it is referred to as Job/Work Visa. Similarly, the permanent residency
status is called the Permanent Resident Visa in Canada and Immigration Visa in
USA. Before applying for any, one must stringently go through the official
websites for the same, to be aware of all requirements and clauses.
The following is a run-down of all comparative properties between the two types
1. Scope of Work:
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: This permit is received on behalf
of a sponsor and hence there is no scope for whimsical change of Job. This also
leaves people prone to non-availability of negotiation power and further abuses.
Permanent Residency Visa: A person with a PR Visa has the
luxury to change jobs, as and when the need arises, along with the option to
pick your city of occupation. Work scope also includes contractual working and
2. In case of lay-off or job change:
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: One will need to exit the country in case of
lay-offs and dissolution of the company within the few designated days. In case
of USA, if already applied for a green card, one can stay in the country jobless
for 60 days, until they find a new job.
Permanent Residency Visa: There is no time period constraint in case of a
lay-off. A PR Visa holder has the added benefit to look for a new job and enjoy
3. Scope for entrepreneurial growth:
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: Under this, one cannot branch out and start a
business in the country of temporary occupation.
Permanent Residency Visa: PR Visa holders can ideate, invest and commence a
business venture after permission from the respective ministry.
4. Benefits to family members:
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: There is a no direct sponsorship for spouses;
there is a need to find and secure employment and sponsorship, individually.
Permanent Residency Visa: No separate permits or authorization is required in
case the spouse also wishes to work. This is true in case of Canada.
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: In case of USA, if the green card is not approved
within the 6-year limit on the H-1B visa, return to home country is mandatory.
Permanent Residency Visa: Upon arrival in the country, new immigrants and their
families, without hassle, receive a PR Visa. This is especially prevalent upon
landing in Canada.
6. Extent of sponsorship:
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: Excess sponsorship is only limited to the spouses
and immediate dependent children. Other family members cannot enjoy the benefits
Permanent Residency Visa: PR holders have the benefit of sponsoring other family
members, apart from spouses and children, which includes parents and siblings.
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: This is a lengthy method to receive a green card,
and then further the citizenship.
Permanent Residency Visa: Permanent Residents are eligible to apply for
citizenship after living in Canada for three years.
Temporary Work Permit & Visa: Work permits often have strict renewal
restrictions attached for travels within a particular country and out of
Permanent Residency Visa: For PR visa holders, there are no restrictions of
movement (exit and entry) within and outside the country of permanent residence.
It is standard for prospective Immigrants to take the student visa route to
permanent residence via work permit. Countries like Canada and Australia offer
pathways to a work permit post completion of their studies in eligible courses
and then in due course apply for permanent residence visa and finally
After collective review of the above, a conclusion would be that applying for a
Permanent Resident Visa is more opportune and time-friendly as compared to the
temporary Work Permit
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