Monday, July 15, 2024

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Second Class Judicial Magistrate Courts are the lowest level of the Criminal Court structure in India. A Court of Judicial Magistrate of Second Class may be established by the State Government in consultation with the High Court of the respective state at such places in the district and in any number by a notification ( Section 11 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPc)). The state government may also after consultation with the High Court, establish, for any local area, one or more Special Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the second class to try any particular case or particular class of cases. The presiding officers of such courts including special courts shall be appointed by the High Court. This Court is competent to try the cases which are punishable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or with fine not exceeding five thousand rupees, or with both.