Thursday, July 20, 2017
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Bleeding

BITES BLEEDING BURNS CUTS & ABRASIONS ELECTRIC SHOCK

External Bleeding

  • Make the victim lie down to prevent fainting.

  • Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding by placing a gauge or cleanest cloth available over the wound and press it firmly with the palm of your hand.

  • Elevate the injury. Position the wounded part of the body above the level of the heart (to stop bleeding) if possible while you apply direct pressure.

  • If the bleeding is from the ear, place a clean bandage over the ear, lay the victim on his side, and allow the blood to drain out through the bandage.

  • Application of ice bag ( ice cubes in a thick plastic bag ) directly over the bleeding area is helpful

  • Know the pressure points. If direct pressure and elevation do not sufficiently slow the blood flow, find a pressure point. Large arteries found close to the skin's surface supply blood to the head and to each arm and leg. The most common pressure points used during first aid are located in the upper arms and in the creases above the upper legs. Apply pressure to the closest pressure point to the wound so that the artery is pressed between your fingers and the bone directly behind the artery. 

Internal Bleeding

Internal bleeding occurs as a result of a direct blow to the body, a fracture, a sprain, or a bleeding ulcer. During internal bleeding blood vessels rupture and blood leaks into body cavities.  If a victim receives an injury to the chest or abdomen, internal bleeding should be suspected. 

Symptoms of internal bleeding

Symptoms include pain and tenderness in the affected area, cold, clammy skin, pale face and lips, weakness or fainting, nausea, thirstiness, rapid, weak or irregular pulse, shortness of breath, dilated pupils and swelling or bruising at the site of injury

        First Aid 

  •  Check for an open airway and begin rescue breathing if necessary. 

  • Call for medical help as soon as possible and keep the victim comfortable until help arrives.

  • The victim may rinse his mouth with water, but do not give a victim of internal bleeding anything to drink.

Nose Bleeding

Causes of nose bleeding may be nose injury, strenuous activity, high blood pressure, exposure to high altitudes or blowing your nose too hard.

  • Sit down and remain calm.

  • Lean slightly forward to prevent blood from the running in to your throat.

  • Pinch both the nostril closed between the thumb and the fore finger. The pressure should be applied just below the nasal bone and maintain pressure with the fingers for at least 2 minutes.

  • Place cold, wet cloth or wedge of cotton in side the nostril and hold it there and at the same time try to apply the pressure outside the nostril for 5 minutes.

  • Put an ice pack over the bridge of the nose.

  • If heavy bleeding persists or if nosebleeds recur frequently, consult a physician.



Note : All statements given are only for information purpose. We are not responsible or liable for any problems related to the utilization of information on this site. We suggest that you consult a qualified doctor before trying any alternative health care remedies.